At the corner of 8th and Walnut Streets, nearby the Main Library, Saint Louis Church, and Taqueria Mercado, workers from Duke Energy discovered a leaking gas line while conducting exploratory digging for the Cincinnati Streetcar project. Crews immediately began repairing the line and installing new equipment.
Duke Energy is also performing maintenance on gas lines at Main Street and 4th Street; on Walnut Street near 3rd Street; at Race and Henry Streets; and on Race Street between Liberty and Green Streets.
As part of the city’s construction contract, crews from Duke Energy, Metropolitan Sewer District, the waterworks, Cincinnati Bell, and Time Warner Cable conduct exploratory digging along the route to relocate and perform maintenance on their respective utilities. Public utility improvements along the 3.6 mile route are financed through the funding the city has allocated for the streetcar project. According to John Deatrick, Streetcar Project Executive, as of October 25, 100 feet of ruptured sewer lines are being replaced on Elm Street, and a new water main is being installed at Walnut and Court Streets.
If not for the streetcar construction, the leaking gas lines may have continued to go unnoticed, potentially causing hazards to the surrounding businesses. Infrastructure renewal projects, like the gas line, will continue as streetcar construction progresses.
Most citizens are aware of the transportation and economic news surrounding the streetcar, but did you know the project is also involved with repairing public utilities? As part of the city’s construction contract, crews from Duke Energy, Metropolitan Sewer District, the waterworks, Cincinnati Bell, and Time Warner Cable conduct exploratory digging along the route to relocate and perform maintenance on their respective utilities.
In September, the Metropolitan Sewer District discovered a major rupture in the sewer line at 14th and Elm Street, directly in front of Music Hall and Washington Park. Crews immediately began repairing the line and installing new equipment. A temporary sewer line was placed in the trench to pump waste while workers positioned new permanent pipes. During this time, visitors to the area may have noticed some unpleasant smells, both from the hole leading to the ruptured sewer and from the above-ground temporary waste pump.
Public utility improvements along the 3.6 mile route are financed through the funding the city has allocated for the streetcar project. According to John Deatrick, Streetcar Project Executive, as of October 8, three sewer repair projects are now being conducted on Elm Street, spanning from 14th Street to Liberty Street. If not for the streetcar construction, the ruptured sewer lines may have continued to go unnoticed, potentially causing sanitary hazards or creating a sinkhole in the middle of the road. Infrastructure renewal projects, like the sewer line, will continue as construction progresses.
There have been numerous studies, presentations, and reports on the Cincinnati Streetcar that explain why streetcars are good investment for the City of Cincinnati. Here are the links to these documents:
Question: What would the harm be in dedicating buses to the streetcar route for a few years to see if the benefits are starting to be realized before spending $128 million to build the streetcar?
Answer: The harm would be threefold—direct costs, opportunity costs, and lack of probative value.
The direct cost would be the costs of acquiring and operating the buses. In order for the bus experiment to be as accurate as possible, the buses would have to have a similar capacity and frequency to the streetcars. I think we can all agree if the city were only running one bus along the route, it wouldn’t come anywhere close to approximating streetcar system. Similarly adding a few automobile ferries next to the Brent Spence Bridge wouldn’t accurately simulate adding additional lanes.
A single streetcar carries around 170 people. A bus carries around 45. The City plans on purchasing 7 streetcars. A bus fleet with a similar capacity would number 26.4. If you take into account maintenance and the need for spare vehicles, you could probably get away with 24 buses. Each bus costs about $350,000, so 24 buses would cost $8,400,000.00.
Operating the buses would cost money as well. Driver’s salaries are the largest operating expense in any transit system. (One of the benefits of the streetcar is that a single driver’s salary is spread over 170 passengers instead of 45.) To estimate the operating cost per bus I divided METRO’s total budget ($94.5 million) over the number of buses it operates (391) to come up with a per bus per year operating cost of $241,687.98. Based on this projection 24 buses would result in a yearly operating cost of $5,800,511.51.
Running this system for a few years as suggested would be a very expensive test. Three years would cost $25,801,534.53 in capital and operating costs.
But there are also opportunity costs as well. The City estimates “Costs can be conservatively estimated to escalate $5.1 million each year beyond 2010.” Delaying the streetcar three years would cost $15.3 million in inflationary costs. With many construction companies in need of work and lower material prices, now is the time to build. The other opportunity cost would be the delay of benefits to City that would come from having a streetcar. I will not attempt to quantify them in this posting, but it is something of which to be aware.
Combining the direct and opportunity costs leads to a cost of the three year trial of over $40 million. The next question: would this trial produce accurate results? My belief is it would not.
The Streetcar will produce two main types of benefits—ridership benefits and economic development benefits. The bus experiment will not accurately predict either type of benefit
Ridership on the bus experiment will be lower than it would be on a streetcar. Route legibility of a bus route is worse than a streetcar. Unlike a bus, someone unfamiliar with a streetcar route can see the tracks and know where the line goes. People are more likely to get on public transit when they know where it is going.
Additionally the bus experiment assumes transit riders exhibit “mode-neutrality” when in reality they do not. Mode-neutrality presumes that a transit rider will exhibit no preference for rail over buses. This is not the case. Many visitors to New York or Chicago will take the subway or the “L” but will not ride a bus to get around. For an example closer to home, think about the airport. If you had to choose one or the other, would you rather take the train to Concourse B or the shuttle bus connection to Concourse C
Finally you will not receive the same economic development benefits with the bus experiment as you would with a streetcar. The reason the streetcar encourages economic development is because it is a permanent infrastructure investment. The tracks are laid in the ground and will not move. People know that in 20 years the streetcar will still be running that route and make long term investments, like buying a house or opening a business, based on that fact.
By contrast, the bus experiment is not only temporary it is explicitly temporary. Anyone who could wait to make an investment along the line likely would wait until the final decision on the streetcar could be made. If an entrepreneur wanted to locate a new business along the streetcar line because it would attract more customers and make it easier to get to the store, she would likely wait until the decision had been made on whether or not to actually build the streetcar before making the investment. Fewer people will buy house or open a business along a bus route that will stop running in a few years and may or may not lead to a streetcar than would invest along an announced and funded streetcar line. Imagine if new exit was built off of I-75 that would be closed in two years if it didn’t receive enough usage, business owners would be reluctant to locate there for fear of their access being cut off. The same would be true of a temporary bus experiment.
Because there will be lower ridership, less economic development, and considerable costs, conducting a bus experiment along the streetcar line would be imprudent and the results of such experiment would not accurately predict the success of the streetcar. That would be the harm.